Please complete this brief survey. is a resource for Board-Certified Music Therapists (MT-BC) who are uniquely trained to provide music therapy services of any kind. This website also aims to educate students, patients, families, employers, contemplative non-employers, and the general public. Please read the Music Therapy Activities Wiki homepage for more information.

Music listening is defined as the active attention to auditory stimuli by the patient.


Guided Music Listening: Used to facilitate on-task behavior and increase attention, or help patients to explore unconscious material.

Iso Principle: Continuous music played live to elevate or reduce such mood or level of stimulation in the listener, beginning at a level that mirrors that of the patient, and concluding at a desired level of stimulation, as determined by the therapist.

Music and Imagery Visualization: Individuals listen to an orchestral excerpt, i.e., Aaron Copeland's “Hodown," Night On Bald Mountain, Scheherezad, or Vivaldi's “The Four Seasons," then draw or write a destription of what they visualized during the music listening. 

Pain Management: Music is an enjoyable stimulus to either focus or distract an individual from pain, or to mask undesirable environmental sounds (Tague, 2007).

Personal Music Sharing: Patients bring their own music or select from the internet library or a music library to share, which promotes positive memories, self-concept, the release of emotions, and self-expression, and through a wholesome shared experience and the divergent socialization, also permits the group to respond with support, empathy, and encouragement (Jones, 2012).

Sound Exploration:



Dijkstra, I. & Hakvoort, L. (2004). How to deal music? Enhancing coping strategies in music therapy with clients suffering from addiction problems. Music Therapy Today (online) Vol. V (5), Nov. available at:

 Tague, Daniel. (December 79, 2007). Pain - Forget About It! Using Music Effectively to Manage  Pain. [Web log comment] Retrieved from  pain-forget-about-it-using-music.html

Further ReadingEdit


James E. Riley, MT-BC

Evelyn Pinder

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.